L02 Contents
Relevance and Significance of Learning FM in being good Chemical & Biotechnologist
Common Examples: Unearthing importance of Fluid Flow Physics
Self learning Activity: Build example
Product - Process - Questions - FM Connect

(i) Thought experiment on fluid subjected to movement and fluid response
(ii) Variables the can affect the fluid response
(iii)Velocity gradient
(iv) Expresison of Shear stress to velocity gradient - concept of visocisty - Newtons law of viscosity

The following are dicussed
- Flux, Rate and Gradient
- Direction (sign) in Newton's Law
- Tips: On Building personal Learning Trajectory or Learning Curve (Excel Template attached for demonstration)

This class covers the following
Newtons Law of viscosity - Deformation rate, Direction indices - Tensor - Momentum diffusivity
Problem scenario: (i) Given velocity as function of position find stress and force (ii) Given shear stress vs. shear rate find viscosity

n this class we discuss on
Interpreting the Newtons law of viscosity on Rheogram plot
Rheogram - Fluid Behaviour based on their 'viscous' nature
Viscosity - Effect of Temperature in Liquid and Gases

In this class, the following are dicussed
Classroom activity: Newton's law and force resolution
Viscosity of gases and liquid and explanation
Andrade and Sutherland expression

PFA: Class on problem types involving Newtons law
Also discussed - Units of viscosity, its nominal value for water and air

Forces acting on Fluid - Classification (Categorization) of Forces - Bulk & Surface - Concept of Inertial Force - Equilibrium
Classroom Activity: List of forces and their distinctive feature

Hydrostatic Equilibrium - Salient Features in the Derivation Constant Density System
Home Reading: Variable density with and without Temp lapse

Additional Class: Tutorial 1: Problems discussion based on Newton's Law of Viscosity

Hydrostatic Equilibrium for Variable Density - Temperature Lapse rate - Atmospheric Column

Pressure measurement using Hydrostatic Equilibrium - Barometer - Manometer - Simple and Inverted U tube - Principles

Additional Class: Tutorial 2: Discussion - Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Manometer

Tutorial 3: Manometer and Pressures - Abs - Relative - Gauge - Vacuum
Classroom Activity: : Manometers - Head of fluid column -Flow Direction

Design (Selection of Manometer) for a given process

Solution to Continuity Equation - 1D - Integral Form
Mathematical Transformation - Velocity Potential and Stream Function - Irrotational Flow

TN Election Holiday

OD: AICTE Margdarshan - Tutorial problems given for practice

OD: AICTE Margdarshan - Tutorial problems given for practice

Additional Class: Discussion on Tutorial 5 &6 - Continuity - Velocity Potential - Stream Function

Revision for Assessment 02

Fluid Flow through pipe - Concept of Constant and Uniform Velocity - Gap in using integral mass balance for velocity computation - Idea of balance in flow through pipe

YouTube Recorded Video: Fluid flow through pipe

Fluid flow through pipe - Interpreting differential equation for flow through pipe - Pressure gradient & shear stress in fluid - Pressure drop - reasons for loss in pressure in fluid flow - Constant pressure drop - shear stress profile

Flow through pipe - parabolic velocity profile - Boundary Conditions - No Slip - Average velocity - Hagen Poiseuille Equation

Hagen Poiseuille Flow - Fully developed flow - Boundary layer thickness - Laminar Flow -Reynolds No - Friction factor - Darcy and Fanning Factor