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L02 Contents Relevance and Significance of Learning FM in being good Chemical & Biotechnologist Common Examples: Unearthing importance of Fluid Flow Physics Self learning Activity: Build example Product - Process - Questions - FM Connect

(i) Thought experiment on fluid subjected to movement and fluid response (ii) Variables the can affect the fluid response (iii)Velocity gradient (iv) Expresison of Shear stress to velocity gradient - concept of visocisty - Newtons law of viscosity

The following are dicussed - Flux, Rate and Gradient - Direction (sign) in Newton's Law - Tips: On Building personal Learning Trajectory or Learning Curve (Excel Template attached for demonstration)

This class covers the following Newtons Law of viscosity - Deformation rate, Direction indices - Tensor - Momentum diffusivity Problem scenario: (i) Given velocity as function of position find stress and force (ii) Given shear stress vs. shear rate find viscosity

n this class we discuss on Interpreting the Newtons law of viscosity on Rheogram plot Rheogram - Fluid Behaviour based on their 'viscous' nature Viscosity - Effect of Temperature in Liquid and Gases

In this class, the following are dicussed Classroom activity: Newton's law and force resolution Viscosity of gases and liquid and explanation Andrade and Sutherland expression

PFA: Class on problem types involving Newtons law Also discussed - Units of viscosity, its nominal value for water and air

Forces acting on Fluid - Classification (Categorization) of Forces - Bulk & Surface - Concept of Inertial Force - Equilibrium Classroom Activity: List of forces and their distinctive feature

Hydrostatic Equilibrium - Salient Features in the Derivation Constant Density System Home Reading: Variable density with and without Temp lapse

Additional Class: Tutorial 1: Problems discussion based on Newton's Law of Viscosity

Hydrostatic Equilibrium for Variable Density - Temperature Lapse rate - Atmospheric Column

Pressure measurement using Hydrostatic Equilibrium - Barometer - Manometer - Simple and Inverted U tube - Principles

Additional Class: Tutorial 2: Discussion - Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Manometer

Tutorial 3: Manometer and Pressures - Abs - Relative - Gauge - Vacuum Classroom Activity: : Manometers - Head of fluid column -Flow Direction

Design (Selection of Manometer) for a given process

Fluid Properties Revision for Assessment 01

Dimensional Analysis - Why dimensional analysis - Uses

Dimensional Consistency Selection of Lab System and Scaling

Dimensionless numbers - Variables with and without Dimensions Idea behind working with Dimensionless Variables or PI groups

Buckingham PI theorem - Formulation of PI groups for a given system - Choice of variable sets and choice of repeating variables

Fluid Flow - CV - Eulerian and Lagrangian Approaches - Continuity Equation - Total Derivative and Local Derivative - Convective Acceleration

Continuity Equation Derivation - Meaning of Net outflow - Inflow Vector form - Div - Grad and Curl Definition

Tutorial 4: Dimensional Analysis - Scaling - Problems

Solution to Continuity Equation - 1D - Integral Form Mathematical Transformation - Velocity Potential and Stream Function - Irrotational Flow

TN Election Holiday

OD: AICTE Margdarshan - Tutorial problems given for practice

OD: AICTE Margdarshan - Tutorial problems given for practice

Additional Class: Discussion on Tutorial 5 &6 - Continuity - Velocity Potential - Stream Function

Revision for Assessment 02

Fluid Flow through pipe - Concept of Constant and Uniform Velocity - Gap in using integral mass balance for velocity computation - Idea of balance in flow through pipe

YouTube Recorded Video: Fluid flow through pipe

Fluid flow through pipe - Interpreting differential equation for flow through pipe - Pressure gradient & shear stress in fluid - Pressure drop - reasons for loss in pressure in fluid flow - Constant pressure drop - shear stress profile

Flow through pipe - parabolic velocity profile - Boundary Conditions - No Slip - Average velocity - Hagen Poiseuille Equation

Hagen Poiseuille Flow - Fully developed flow - Boundary layer thickness - Laminar Flow -Reynolds No - Friction factor - Darcy and Fanning Factor

Turbulent Flow - Features - Friction Factor - Moody Chart - Empirical Relations - Roughness Parameters

Major and Minor Loss in Flow through pipe - Loss coefficient and Equivalent Length method

Tutorial 7: Flow through pipe - Laminar flow and continuity Classroom Activity: Flow through pipe concepts

Tutorial 8: Flow through pipe - Turbulent Flows

Bernoulli Equation - Understanding terms in BE

Bernoulli Equation - Forms of BE - Assumption - Frictional term - Energy loss hf

Tutorial 9:Application of Bernoulli Equation - With and Without Friction - Concept of Momentum correction factor - Pump work in Bernoulli Equation

Flow through bed - Applications - Features and Questions in Flow through bed - Concepts of Holdup and Superficial velocity

Flow through bed - Pressure drop in bed - Concepts - Expts - Ergun Equation

Tutorial 9:Application of Bernoulli Equation -Part II Flow through circular conduits

Fixed bed - Ergun Equation

Terminal settling velocity

Terminal and Hindered Settling Velocity

Tutorial 10: Flow through fixed bed - Limiting values of solid holdup in bed

Tutorial 11: Settling Velocity, Flow through Fluidized Bed

Topics - Flow through Fluidized bed - Ratio of Terminal Setting to Incipient Fluidization velocity Tutorial 12: Problems on Flow through Fluidized bed

Flow measurement - Indirect and Direct Measurement - Headmeters - Venturimeter - Discharge Coefficient

Revision for Unit III - Self Revision - Tutorials on FB, FluB and Settling

Orificemeter - Flow nozzle - Pitot Tube - Rotameter

Video lecture - Pitot Tube

Tutorial 13: Problems on Flowmeters

Fluid Machinery - Classification - Pumps - Centrifugal Pumps - Cavitation

Revision for Assessment 05

Assessment 06: Module 1.1 to 4.1

Last lecture: Overall view - Revision - Discussion on Imp. topics